Exclamation may relate to a noun or a nominal group(noun phrase), a verb or verbal group, an adjective, an adverb. It is used to express emotions such as surprise, admiration, regret, disgust, interest, etc. 1. Exclamation refers to a name or a nominal group: It can be introduced by one of the two exclamatory words: what and such. 'What' with a name or a noun phrase: Singular: with a countable noun: What + determiner + adjective + countable noun Ex: What a beautiful dress! What + a (or an) + (adjective) + noun + (subject + verb). Ex: what a pretty girl (she is)! With an uncountable noun: What + ø + adjective + uncountable noun Ex: what delicious tea! What + (adjective) + noun + (subject + verb) Ex: What nice furniture (you have)! Plural: with a countable noun: What + ø + adjective +plural of the countable noun Ex: What beautiful flowers! What + (adjective) + noun + (subject + verb) Ex: What beautiful flowers (you have)! 'Such' with a noun phrase: Singular: Ex: She is such a nice person! Plural: Ex: I always enjoy seeing such good films. 2. The exclamation refers to an adjective or an adverb: It can be introduced by one of two exclamatory words: how and so. We use 'so' when there is no name after the adjective or the adverb which the exclamation is referring to. How + adjective or adverb + (subject + verb). Ex: How lovely (you are)! Subject + verb + so + adjective or adverb Ex: This baby is so sweet! 3. The exclamation relates to a verb or verbal group: How + verbal group. Ex: How they talked! How fast you drive! So much preceded by the verb which the exclamation is reffering to Ex: they talked so much! Remarks: *How and What are not here interrogative words. There is no inversion of the subject and the eventual verb. *Some expressions are constructed with an uncountable noun preceded by a determiner Ex: what a pity! ...that's all..express yourselves !